Getting an IPv6 /60 Prefix with ATT 6rd tunnels

2016 December 1
by Daniel Lakeland

EDIT: although the below system WORKS, it gave me ABYSMAL performance. On my gigabit connection I was getting ~500Mbps over ipv4 and around 20Mbps over the ipv6 tunnel set up this way (test your ipv4/6 speeds at Comcast's Speed Test which tests both types of connections). Going back to getting my ipv6 from ATT's router gave me full speed ipv6. Evidently there's some traffic shaping on the ATT side that doesn't apply to my Arris router. DON'T set up the following unless you need more subnets more than you need full speed.

So, the router supplied by ATT was an Arris NVG599, it has 6rd set up by default. ATT is set up with its own 6rd /28 prefix such that by appending your DHCPv4 address you can get a /60 prefix. The Arris router supplied will delegate exactly one of the 16 /64 prefixes to your machine via a DHCPv6 request, which you can get wide-dhcp-client to do for you. This of course is fine if you just want a single /64 but what if you want something like a guest wifi VLAN with its own ipv6 prefix? You have a /60 available to you, but how to make it work?

First off, go to the firewall settings on the Arris box and under ip passthrough mode turn on passthrough with DHCPS-fixed, and choose your Linux router box as the machine to receive the public IP.

Now, turn OFF the ipv6 services on the Arris under "Home Network". Restart the Arris box and the router so you get fresh DHCPv4 address on your router.

Now, you're running a Debian based system of course 😉 so you'll want to set up a 6rd tunnel, get yourself a /60 prefix, and then manually delegate one of those prefixes to your LAN interface. You can potentially manually delegate additional prefixes to VLANs or other interfaces on your router box as well. Here's how:

Make sure you've installed ipv6calc

apt-get install ipv6calc

In /etc/network/interfaces

auto tun6rd
iface tun6rd inet manual
      up /etc/network/6rdup
      down ip tunnel del tun6rd


Now, you need the script /etc/network/6rdup, mine looks like:

#!/bin/bash -x

ATT6RDPREF="2602:300::/28"
ATT6RDRELAY="12.83.49.81"
PUBLICIFACE=eth0
OURLANIFACE=eth1
PUBLICIP=$(ip addr show $PUBLICIFACE | sed -n -E -e "/(192.168)/! s: *inet ([0-9.]*)/.*:\1:p")

OUR6RD=$(ipv6calc -q --action 6rd_local_prefix --6rd_prefix ${ATT6RDPREF} ${PUBLICIP} | sed -e "s/::/::1/")

OURDELEGATE1=$(echo $OUR6RD | sed -e "s|.::.*|1::1/64|")


MTU=1472 ## it's what the router uses

echo ${PUBLICIP}

echo "IP Tunnel: ${OUR6RD} via tun6rd"

ip tunnel add tun6rd mode sit local ${PUBLICIP} ttl 64
ip tunnel 6rd dev tun6rd 6rd-prefix ${ATT6RDPREF}
ip addr add ${OUR6RD} dev tun6rd
ip link set tun6rd up
ip link set dev tun6rd mtu $MTU
ip route add ::/0 via ::${ATT6RDRELAY} dev tun6rd

ip addr add ${OURDELEGATE1} dev $OURLANIFACE
exit 0 ## do more error checking if you like

 

Your mileage may vary, and you may need to debug this stuff. In particular, I'm not doing much error checking, and I'm not removing the ipv6 address from the internal interface when the link comes down. Bringing links up and down several times on your router might cause trouble. Either fix that or just do a reboot instead of monkeying with indidivual interfaces (after all, you want to make sure you can restart the thing and get a properly working network).

With this all in place, together with dnsmasq to handle router advertising and do DHCP/DHCPv6 on my local lan, and Firehol to handle the firewall, I get a fully routed ipv6 subnet on my lan with firewall that passes only very limited inbound traffic, and full outbound traffic... with no appreciable change in latency. The 6rd relay is an ATT anycast ipv4 address so it picks out the "closest" ipv4 relay for you to use. In my case "ping6 facebook.com" has a 9-10ms round trip for example.

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